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A look at Game of Thrones armour

Posted by picard578 on May 9, 2019

This post will look at armour in Game of Thrones TV series.


House Stark

Stark armour is very good. It consists of a mail shirt (hauberk), gambeson or arming doublet, and leather armor tunic which looks like it is capable of receiving metal inserts – in essence, a brigandine armor. This armor is appropriate for a not-so-rich house: mail armour is easy to make, and leather tunic with metal inserts provides protection that is almost as good as lamellar armour but is much simpler to make. Leather, if well-made and treated, may also protect the metal inserts from corrosion, which may be an issue in cold and damp North. Combination of gambeson and leather tunic also means that armor is warm, which makes it good for use in the cold North – although in battle, armour may become too warm. Read the rest of this entry »

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The types of Byzantine swords

Posted by picard578 on May 4, 2019

Ακαδημία Ιστορικών Ευρωπαϊκών Πολεμικών Τεχνών

By Bill Blake

It’s strange that we in the West have not hitherto paid greater attention to the study of the Byzantine world, the lineal descendant of Rome, and that Constantinople is often viewed as somehow disconnected from the Ancient Roman world when in no way was this true. Byzantium was the closest the medieval world came to fielding a super power, was unquestionably the cause of the Renaisance, and was a military force so preeminent that victories were routine, while defeats were studied and celebrated by that culture. There is so much to fascinate us there, and yet, we still have a long way to come in terms of appreciating it.

Between the Catholic world and the Islamic however, much has been done to throw sand over the legacy of the Romiosi; though we have the great fortune to live in an age where the religious and cultural reasons…

View original post 2,050 more words

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German right preparing for the civil war

Posted by picard578 on April 29, 2019

https://www.rt.com/news/457758-germany-farright-civil-war/

Elements of German right wing are preparing for what they believe to be inevitable civil war, collecting firearms and supplies. Despite so far being defensive, German authorities are concerned by the movement.

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Chief architect: Fire in Notre Dame was no accident

Posted by picard578 on April 20, 2019

Chief architect on renovation of Notre Dame, Benjamin Mouton, has stated that fire cannot be an accident. Fire did not start in the area being rennovated. First alarms were sounded at 18:20, and cathedral was evacuated, but firefighters found no fire. Second alarm was sounded in 18:50, when smoke started rising from the cathedral.

Roof of cathedral was made out of 800-year-old oak, which would not catch fire without a fire accelerant. It is not known who set the device, but since there was no rennovation work being done at the place where fire started, it could not have been a rennovation accident. Further, oak in question caught fire despite not being flammable, as well as being upwind from the fire, which spread in every direction but the wind.

Fire also happened at the time when churches are being attacked all the time in France, by both “progressive” Left activists as well as Muslim immigrants. Both groups celebrated the destruction of the cathedral, and both groups had spawned terror organizations that had been targeting the Notre Dame cathedral for quite some time.

https://www.sott.net/article/411378-Chief-engineer-of-Notre-Dame-That-fires-flames-needed-an-accelerant-to-reach-and-burn-the-churchs-ancient-oak-beams

Notre Dame fire: No workers were in the cathedral, no heat sources were near the timber frame

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Reactions to Notre Dame burning

Posted by picard578 on April 16, 2019

https://www.facebook.com/groups/priznajem.hr/permalink/2113899582243046/

https://www.facebook.com/groups/priznajem.hr/permalink/2113880138911657/

https://www.facebook.com/groups/priznajem.hr/permalink/2113927052240299/

The above links have recorded quite clearly Muslims celebrating and smiling at Notre Dame burning. At the same time, French President Marcon (Macaron) has requested sanctions against countries which resist multicultural islamic invasion of the Old Continent.

Notre Dame is not even the first church to burn in France this year.

A total of twelve churches had been vandalized just this (past) week in France. In fact, 80% of vandalizations of religious places concerns Christian churches. In 2018, the Ministry of the Interior recorded 541 anti-Semitic acts, 100 anti-Muslim acts, and 1063 anti-Christian acts.

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Italian murdered for being “white and happy”

Posted by picard578 on April 15, 2019

A Moroccan immigrant admitted to murder of a young Italian, saying that he wanted to kill someone who was “white, young and Italian”. The murderer, Said Mechaout, is a 27-year old Moroccan. He stated that he “killed a white man because a young Italian would cause a sensation”, adding that he wanted to kill a guy like himself, to “take away any perspective he had, children, remove him from friends and relatives”.

Said sat down on a bench, waiting for an adequate target. When Leo passed, Said stood up, and cut his throat with a knife. There were no traces and witnesses, so Said was only caught because he surrendered himself to police a month after the attack.

Such cases of immigrants “taking revenge” against those who had better luck in life – that is, the native populace – are increasing in frequency all over Italy. Few weeks ago, a Senegalese immigrant attempted to burn a chool bus full of children as a revenge for decision by Italian government to return immigrants back to shores of Lybia. Said immigrant, a 47-year-old Ousseynou Sy, had been working as a school bus driver for full 15 years – despite two counts of drunk driving and several counts of sexual assaults on minors. Also recent were two cases of murder and rape followed by murder commited by immigrants, where victims were two Italian girls, Pamela Mastropietro and Desiree Matrioni.

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Implications of diversity – diversity and security

Posted by picard578 on April 4, 2019

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Human society is built on commonality. Greek ἔθνος (ethnos) comes from ἔθω (éthōI am accustomed, wont (to something)), but its meaning is “group of people: tribefamily“. Latin natio means “related to place of birth”, and originates from nascor (to be born); it can mean “nation”, “people”, “race”, “class”. It can be seen that civic nationalism is thus an aberration; original, actual meaning of nationalism is exclusively ethnic one.

Consequences of dominance of civic nationalism can be seen above. While diversity of peoples, cultures, races etc. is extremely useful – it is one of main drivers of progress – it can also be damaging. The question is one of borders. Common culture, mentality and characteristics allow people to live together without having to walk on eggshells all the time. It allows society to direct its energies outwards, towards a common goal.

Conversely, a society that is internally heterogenous will divide itself into multiple subsocieties. It will spend its energies on internal friction instead of directing them externally. And if friction is significant enough – if society is diverse enough – then society will eventually destroy itself. This friction can take various forms, depending on nature and intensity: from people ignoring each other, to different groups forming their own exclusive communities, to members of particular group being pushed out of certain areas, to open conflict and even civil war. All except the last are in evidence in the Western Europe.

The only solution to this was one employed by the Roman Empire. Now, unlike what BBC would like to portray, the Empire was not racially diverse, being almost exclusively Caucasian, as can be seen from Septimius Severus’ reaction to seeing a black soldier at Hadrian’s wall:

“After inspecting the wall near the rampart in Britain… just as he [Severus] was wondering what omen would present itself, an Ethiopian from a military unit, who was famous among buffoons and always a notable joker, met him with a garland of cypress. And when Severus in a rage ordered that the man be removed from his sight, troubled as he was by the man’s ominous colour and the ominous nature of the garland, [the Ethiopian] by way of jest cried, it is said, “You have been all things, you have conquered all things, now, O conqueror, be a god.” “

(Post murum apud vallum visum in Brittannia… volvens animo quid ominis sibi occurreret, Aethiops quidam e numero militari, clarae inter scurras famae et celebratorum semper iocorum, cum corona e cupressu facta eidem occurrit. quem cum ille iratus removeri ab oculis praecepisset, et coloris eius tactus omine et coronae, dixisse ille dicitur ioci causa: Totum fuisti, totum vicisti, iam deus esto victor.)

(Historia Augusta, ‘Septimius Severus’, 22.4-5)

However, the Empire was culturally and ethnically diverse. The manner in which it dealt with the issue was twofold. First, it made certain to reduce cultural diversity to minimum. Latin was the official language, and peoples of the Empire were made to gradually accept certain tenets of Roman culture, such as religion. Second, along with common culture came the Roman identity – akin to what would today be called civic nationalism, but also much more than that. To be Roman was not to be a barbarian, and this sense of national and cultural superiority helped define and hold together the Roman Empire until the fall of Constantinople in 1453. Third, diversity was strictly on the level of the Empire – individual communities were not diverse, and were given wide autonomy in return for loyalty.

Medieval Roman Empire – also called Byzantine Empire – proved even more resillient than Roman Empire of antiquity, in part because it added Christian faith to already existing common ground of Roman identity and Greek culture. It was also less diverse, especially after losing its African and Levant territories in the aftermath of the Battle of Yarmouk. More recent example are United States, which are based on common culture and belief in God. This is why Americans are often so religious – fervent nationalism and pronounced religiousness are used to compensate for the lack of common ethnic basis.

All of the above has significant military-security implications. Strength of the military is based largely on strength of the society. Strong society produces strong military, weak society produces weak one. Multicultural society is inherently fragile, and is thus easily subverted from within. Further, there had been cases in history where countries had been conquered without firing a shot, merely through mass immigration. This was the case in large areas of Roman Empire after the battle of Yarmouk, and later after the battle of Manzikert. In both cases, battles served as a trigger; but Battle of Manzikert in particular was not, on its own, necessarily catastrophic. What proved catastrophic was the dissolution of the thematic system during the previous century, but especially after the death of Basil II in 1025. Unlike the situation from 7th to 10th centuries, in late 11th century thematic system was in disarray, and people were unable to defend their lands without the presence of full-time professional army which had just been destroyed at Manzikert. As a result, within ten years after Manzikert, Seljuks had conquered – through war and immigration – 78 000 square kilometers of Roman territory.

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Military recruitment and service model

Posted by picard578 on March 31, 2019

Military training is mandatory for all able-bodied individuals – or individuals who can be made able-bodied. Preparatory training starts in the elementary school. Recruitment age is 18 years old as standard, with minimum of 16 years and maximum of 40 years of age, but longer service is not unknown. Draft is carried out at 18 years of age, though it may be done earlier or later based on circumstances. Draft may be deferred for a maximum of two years due to high school education, or else carried out early in case of early end of education. After being drafted, soldier undergoes one to two years of training (1 year basic + 1 year specialist/officer). Under normal conditions only a portion of recruits proceed to active service while the remainder are sent straight into Reserves. Normal service time in standing military is 4 years with additional 28 years in reserves, or else 32 years in reserves (numbers include training). After two-year active service, contract can be renewed for four years, and every four years afterwards. If contract is not renewed, person is transferred to reserves. This makes immediate expansion of an active force a simple matter of contract renewal; or non-renewal, if it is to be reduced. Alternative possibility for expansion, used when there is greater lead-up to crisis (e.g. a war that had been incoming for a time), is to simply increase the number of conscripts retained.

Reserve consists of three primary categories. These are Regular Ready Reserve (units maintained at full strength), Partial Ready Reserve (units maintained at 15% strength but full staff, allowing for quick mobilization) and Individual Ready Reserve (reservists not assigned to any units). Members of RRR and PRR perform reserve duty on a monthly basis with their units. IRR members are subject to call-ups at various times, and are used to fill out understrength units in case of mobilization. All soldiers have to register their place of stay with the military commissariat.

Partial Ready Reserve, or the “Cadre Army”, is staffed with commanders, their staffs, and minimum necessary conscripts to perform various maintenance and other jobs. As noted, such units are maintained at 15% strength, but can expand to full strength in matter of weeks. These units deploy to training areas in full strength every year, and also conduct multiple-area training every five years.

Individual Ready Reserve consists of all able-bodied men of 18 and over that are not assigned to other military formations. IRRs primary purposes are to act as a pool of trained personnel for the active and reserve military units, and also to enable guerilla-style resistance in occupied territory. Territorial defense would focus on defending local defense production, enabling regular units to focus on other areas.

Military Commissariat forms councils of local officers of a military district. This council meets at regular intervals to resolve problems, arbitrate in draft deferment requests, discuss the implementation of policy, calculate and register human and other resources of interest, oversee preparation of youth for carrying out military service, conduct call-ups for military service and training assemblies, carrying out general defensive measures, selecting and nominating candidates for military schools. It also maintains a list of all service-age adults, including current place of living.

During peacetime, Regular Ready Reserve divisions are maintained in three categories. Category I divisions are combat ready, with 75 – 100% of their full wartime strength. Category II divisions are at 50 – 75% of their wartime strength, and Category III at less than 50%. Reserve officers are a mix of former active duty officers, men specifically educated for the job while at training, and warrant officers with at least five years’ experience.

Reservists themselves are divided into categories. Category I reservists are those fresh from training or active service, and they stock Category I divisions, as well as elements of Category II divisions. They serve 1 night a week, 1 weekend a month, 2 weeks a year (90 days/nights total). After four years, they are downgraded to Category II unless they volunteer and meet requirements for remaining in Category I. These drill once a year for four weeks, and staff Category II and III divisions. After additional four years, they are downgraded to Category III, and staff only Category III divisions. They drill when division requires personnel. If a reservist wishes to remain in higher category (for benefits or else), he may do so if he passes physical and mental testing.

Refresher training is carried out for reservists every year for two weeks, as well as two days each month. In increased peacetime readiness level, refresher training may be increased to two weeks every six or three months, and two days each fifteen or seven days.

Newly trained officers are placed under mentorship of more experienced officers, and in unit are assisted, advised and educated by experienced NCOs. Officers from lieutenant level up have to have finished education courses in history, geography, culture, diplomacy and technology. During peacetime, performance assessment and thus promotion is carried out through force-on-force exercises (colloquially known as “playing tag” due to low-power training weapons being used). Leave is granted on a rotational basis for a period of 30 to 90 days. All soldiers receive service pay and pension upon leaving the service. Retirement is accepted after finishing the term of service, but earlier discharge may be granted for medicinal reasons. Soldiers discharged for medical reasons may be accepted back in service only after a thorough medical examination, and are also regularly monitored for time after reentry. Soldiers discharged due to wounds taken on the battlefield are given tax reduction.

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On New Zealand shooting

Posted by picard578 on March 19, 2019

Prelude: while this blog is predominantly-military oriented, especially early on, I had always intended to cover general security issues. And that goes far more into width than just military issues. The following is a commentary and speculation on the mosque shooting in New Zealand.

I decided to wait for a bit before commenting, as mainstream media – well, most people, but mainstream media especially – are prone to seeing what they want. And in mainstream media, Left dominates the narrative. Now, it is true that extreme Right is guilty of many hate crimes – but so is extreme Left, with caveat that Left in general is much more dangerous because a) it is global instead of national, and b) it is prone to hiding itself behind the humanist rhetoric, whereas even extreme right-wingers tend to be up-front and honest about their motivations. Left also tends to use any case and accusation to attack their opponents. The mainstream media that are falling over each other in its hurry to cover the attack on Muslims, are completely ignoring near-concurrent attacks on Christians:

https://www.breitbart.com/the-media/2019/03/17/media-silence-surrounds-muslim-massacre-of-christians/

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-47611811

Now, onto the case.

Mainstream media had reported that the shooter is suspected right-winger. The shooter – Brenton Tarant – has published a manifesto. Titled “The Great Replacement”, manifesto would seem to confirm the media’s reports. However, the text is psychologically suspect. It paints the picture of an average white supremacist, the way that the Left sees them. It reads almost like a carricature, a comedy piece on white supremacism. Manifesto paints a picture of an uneducated, uninterested, lazy person, sprouting half-cooked phrases and maintaining contact with various right-wing groups.

But having had discussions with people ranging from far-Left globalists to far-Right groups, I can relatively safely say that that is not how even a neo-Nazi would write it. It is, however, the way how a leftist trying to act like a right-wing extremist might write it. It shows limited understanding of politics, psychology and society. Shooter is shown in rather stereotypical terms, as described before. It has a significant number of grammatic mistakes. Manifesto ponts to military and law enforcement as being places where far-right people are disproportionately employed. This serves no purpose for the goals of far-Right, but it may enable the Left to try and take over the control of these services, and use them for furthering their own agenda – similar to how they had taken over universities and politics.

His explanation on why he chose firearms for the attack also makes no sense – but it does make sense if one was to assume that the attack was to be used by the Left to abolish right to bear arms. He also talks about “invaders” and “traitors”, terms that a right-winger may use in anger, but hardly in a written text of such length. Likewise, his answers on whether he hates Muslims in general are not extremist; this is the point, as they may – and likely will – be used by the Left to paint any sort of nationalist, anyone who opposes globalism, as a potential mass murderer.

Soon in the text, he contradicts himself, first claiming that the attack is an “end in itself”, and immediately after that it is “meant to promote ideals”. So which one is it? Further it makes reference to 1300 years of war and invasion Islam had caused – a historical fact, but one that is extremely uncomfortable to the Left, and if tied to this attack in such a manner may become (even more) “politically incorrect” to discuss, allowing the Left to further its control of the discourse. Manifesto also discusses diversity, again helping the Left push the narrative that any form of diversity but their own – “diversity” that destroys actual diversity – is racist, hateful and genocidal.

Further pushing the leftist narrative/agenda, he claims that he is racist because he believes that “racial differences exist between peoples and they have a great impact on the way we shape our societies”. But that is not racism, that is racialism. Racism is a belief that one race is superior to others, and all others have to be exterminated or at least subjugated. It was used as a post-facto justification of colonialism (e.g. 19th century scientific racism) and of Nazi genocides (yet greatest genocides in history were either class-based or religion-based, not race-based). Racialism, on the contrary, believes that all races are distinct, unique, and of equal value. Racialism, similar to ethnic nationalism, would serve to prevent genocide, slavery and other evils of racism, as it would keep races separate and safe – from each other, at least, though obviously not from themselves. However, by pushing the idea that racism and racialism are the same, and that they both lead to mass murder, he is further promoting the leftist narrative which makes no distinction between the two.

His statement that he is “ethno-nationalist” immediately places ethnonationalism into guilt by association – a logical fallacy most of the time, but a very powerful one indeed. Again, this serves the Left, and in no way helps the Right. Other one-liner answers are also stereotypical of what a modern-day right winger, especially an ethnonationalist, might say, providing the Left with the so-useful “smoking gun”. However, he also outright states that he is an “eco-fascist”, and that closest country to his view is People’s Republic of China – two statements that not only contradict each other, but rest of the text as well. He is also a “supporter of Donald Trump” as a symbol – Left on Capitol Hill will sure love that – as well as Brexit, two things that are currently very painful for the Left, and to be discredited by any means necessary.

Following answers are mostly one-liners, used to reinforce the view that the attacker is an ethno-nationalist conservative. His answer about video-games however serves to further support the leftist crying point about video games being “dangerous”, even though there is no proof that playing video games – even first-person shooters – increases agression in everyday life. But then, every moral guardian knows that Bluebeard was a Battlefield 2142 addict, that Hitler constantly played Doom 3 and that Blackbeard had Sid Meier’s Pirates! installed onboard his flagship. It does show how Left is trying to milk the attack for everything it is worth.

He also calles himself an eco-fascist, which is a relatively new ideology, in exposure if not in existence. He reaffirms Australia’s connections to Europe, by implication compromising the entire West. Next few points are stereotypical Nazi talking points about the “future of white people” etc. His statement “I will let my actions speak for themselves” is clearly meant to compromise any form of conservativism, or at least ethnonationalism.

Further writing serves to further reinforce the idea of him as a cretin, particularly rant about his combat capabilities which seems to paint him as a junior Call of Duty player. He continues by supporting every single thing that the Left opposes – providing the Left with a “point-by-point” support of their views. This includes Left’s attempts to control violence, as well as to counter claims that democracy is controlled by the globalist forces at the time that European union is attempting to increase its authoritarian control and integration. He also states that racial differences are a fact – another view Left is opposing. He claims that he attacked Muslims because they are the most hated, thus supporting the attempts to censor any and all criticism of Islam.

He continues by supporting some conservative talking points that are very painful for the Left – such as Muslim rape gangs in Europe, dangers of diversity to society, consequences of leftist policies on radicalization, the failure of assimilation. Again, these are used to paint them as necessarily murderous, and thus support the Leftist narrative. Manifesto is even used to provide shield to Merkel, Erdogan, by claiming that they are enemies of Europe, and thus connect their right-wing critics to the shooter. It also claims that diversity means inequality, thus supporting Left in attempts to create a unified global Borg Collective.

He draws a connection to Battle of Vienna in 1683., which in itself is one of showcases for dangers of Islam. By connecting rational discussion of potential dangers of Islam to this attack, it helps censor yet another thing that is painful to the Left. The same is repeated with a fact of leftist takeover of educational and media institutions and dying of the West, the thoughts on populist movements – which are a big problem for the Left which had abandoned and betrayed the very people it is supposed to defend, the fact that people are driven by the emotion. He especially supports memes, which had proven so damaging to the Left, and which Left had been trying to ban for the some time. Likewise, he points out the truth of capitalists using open borders policy to import cheap work force and reduce everybody else’s standards of living; calls for “Europe for Europeans”; and supports “with strong traditions, gender norms, societal norms;the poor and the religious, usually a combination of all” – that is, everyone that the Left hates. He also attacks globalized capitalists – correctly, but this allows them to defend themselves simply by screaming “racism” at any opposition to globalism.

It should be noted that the latter part of the text seems to have no grammatic mistakes, contradicting the introductionary part. Text itself covers literally every single social issue of contention between the Left and the Right.

Overall, the attack has served to put Right on the defensive – which was likely the whole idea. For at least the next few weeks, being a right-winger will become a crime – even more than it usually is.

Posted in news, politics, security | Tagged: , , , , , | 7 Comments »

AMRAAM jammed by Su-30MKI – further questions on radar BVR combat

Posted by picard578 on March 7, 2019

In a recent clash between Indian Su-30MKIs and Pakistani F-16s, latter had fired “four to five American AMRAAMs (AIM-120 advanced medium-range air-to-air missile) from a distance of 40-50 km at the Indian aircraft including the Su-30 and the MiG-21 Bison.” IAF had negated Pakistani claims of having shot down a Su-30MKI in the engagement. Even if true, that claim would give Pk of 20-25%, nowhere close to 50-90% often claimed. Historically the attacker’s claims were typically significantly overstated, so there is no reason to believe Pakistani claims.

In February, Pakistani F-16 had been shot down by Indian MiG-21, confirmed by both sides.

EDIT: Missile used was AIM-120-C5. Multiple launches were “conclusively observed“. Su-30 had spoofed a number of AMRAAM missiles.

EDIT2: Further analysis of the F-16 shootdown.

Posted in news | Tagged: , , , , , , | 6 Comments »

 
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